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Resolution of the first Congress of the Soviets of Abkhazia on the Federation of the Soviet Republics of the Trans-Caucusus and on Federation the Abkhaz SSR with the Georgian SSR, 17 February 1922

RESOLUTION OF THE FIRST CONGRESS OF THE SOVIETS OF ABKHAZIA ON THE FEDERATION OF THE SOVIET REPUBLIC OF THE TRANS-CAUCASUS AND FEDERATION ABKHAZ SSR WOTH GEORGIAN SSR 

The establishment of the Trans-Caucasus Soviet Federation is dictated not only by the political and international conditions, but it also has very practical goal in economic point of view.  Establishment of the Trans-Caucasus Soviet Federation will put an end to the inter-ethnic confrontation and dirty and devastating policy of the Tsar’s Russia and nationalistic parties of Mensheviks, Dashnaks and Mussavatels that bred the national antagonism between the peoples of the Trans-Caucasus and provoked the bloodshed and clash (Armenian-Azerbaijanis clash, Armenian-Georgian war etc.).   At the same time the policy of Mensheviks, Dashnaks and Musavatels pointed to the political ties of these nationalistic governments with the European reaction demanding the full isolation from the Russian workers who hosted the flag against oppressors.

The Federative Union of the Trans-Caucasus Republics brings the firm and long peace between the peoples of the Trans-Caucasus and establishes the unified front of all the Soviet Republics against the capitalist states they are surrounded by.

Georgia and Abkhazia, concluding the Agreement on solidarity, mutual understanding and unity of interest of historically and economically linked peoples of Georgia and Abkhazia, through this Agreement will finally move away the ethnic hatred between these two fraternal peoples, which was bred by political Swindlers – Mensheviks.

Proceeding from the aforementioned the First Congress of the Workers and Peasants of the Abkhaz SSR and Red Army Deputies decrees:

1. Underlining the deteriorating policy of Mensheviks, Dashnaks and Mussavatists, the First Congress of the Soviets of the Abkhaz SSR expresses its firm belief that the working masses of the Trans-Caucasus will realize the idea of federation and strengthen the Trans-Caucasus Federative power through the decisive steps and joint effort of the peoples of the Trans-Caucasus.

2. The Agreement between the fraternal peoples of Georgia and Abkhazia  shall be recognized as inevitable for realization of political and economic interests of both peoples.

3. The Congress offers to the Central Executive Committee of the Abkhaz SSR to elaborate the details of the Agreement with the Georgian SSR and implement it on the basis of union treaties as it is already in force for the Soviet Republics of the Trans-Caucasus.

Viva to Great RSFSR!

Viva to Federation of the Trans-Caucasus Republics!

Viva to the fraternal union of Georgia and Abkhazia

17 February 1922


- Abkhaz Soviets (1921-1927). Collection of Documents and Materials. Sukhum, 1976, p. 27-29/in Russian

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