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Sultan Sosnaliyev (23 April 1942 – 22 November 2008)

Sultan Sosnaliev: First Commander of the Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus, by Musa Shanibov

07 December, 2022

Султан  Сусналиев  - первый полководец горских народов КавказаSultan Sosnaliev: First Commander of the Mountain Peoples of the CaucasusAuthor: Musa ShanibovYear:  2011 / 2012Place of Publication: Sukhum, NalchikPublished by: AbkhazWorld (reflectionsonabkhazia.net)Number...

Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him, by Donald Rayfield

05 December, 2022

Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for HimAuthor: Donald RayfieldYear: 2004Place of Publication: New YorkPublished by: Random HouseNumber of pages: 616Language: English

Russia, Georgia, and Abkhazia, by Edward Mihalkanin

03 December, 2022

Abkhazia: 1992-2022 pp. 167-208 Edward MihalkaninAssociate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Texas State University. U.S.A. Russia’s relations with Georgia and Abkhazia since the breakup of the Soviet Union and a...

Abkhaz delegation took part in the XX International Trade Fair in Vietnam.

02 December, 2022

A delegation of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Abkhazia, headed by its president Tamila Mertskhulava takes part in the XX International Trade Fair (VIETNAM EXPO...

Venera Kogoniya (left) holds photograph of her brother, Alexei Kogoniya (October 1989).

The murder of Alexei Kogoniya by Georgian Nationalists on 16 July 1989

30 November, 2022

The following excerpts were published in The Baltimore Sun newspaper by Scot Shane on January 26, 1989. Appeal of Alexei Kogoniya's brother and sister to the People's Deputy of the USSR THE...

An exhibition of Abkhazian SKLAD opened in an Istanbul gallery

30 November, 2022

In Istanbul, at the Depo Gallery, an exhibition opened with the participation of the Abkhaz cultural platform SKLAD. It got its name from a video installation by British artist Sam...

Opinion

Analysis

The Ibero-Caucasian hypothesis and the historiography of Abkhazia, by Kevin Tuite

04 June, 2022

The Rise and Fall and Revival of the Ibero-Caucasian HypothesisHistoriographia Linguistica Vol. 35:1/2 (2008), pp. 23–82 Kevin Tuite Professor of Anthropology at the Université de Montréal 8. The Ibero-Caucasian hypothesis and the historiography of Abkhazia (pp.53-65)8.1 P’avle Ingoroq’va, Giorgi Merčule, and the...

Blog

Andrei Sakharov on the relationship between Abkhazia and Georgia

24 February, 2022

In 1989 at the start of the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict the late Academician Andrei Sakharov in one of his last articles called Georgia a ‘mini-empire’ (Ogonёk 1989, 31). Later, describing the relationship between Abkhazia and Georgia, he wrote: "I tend to justify...

Analysis

Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus

Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus, by Philip Kohl and Gocha Tsetskhladze

26 April, 2020

Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology, edited by Philip L. Kohl and Clare Fawcett Cambridge University Press 1995 Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus (Part III Eastern Europe and Eurasia) pp. 149-174 By Philip L. Kohl and Gocha R...

Conflict

Old Parliament Building, Sukhum

Abkhazia: a problem of identity and ownership, by George B. Hewitt - Central Asian Survey

21 October, 2008

Abkhazia: a problem of identity and ownership  History and Documents Central Asian Survey, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 267–323, 1993 by George B. Hewitt The Abkhazians living in Turkey have preserved very well the customs, language and dances  carried  there  from  Abkhazia  by  their ...

History

Lapinski: Abkhaz people are the last in the Caucasus who still put up resistance to the Muscovites

23 May, 2020

In June 1861, on the initiative of the Ubykhs, a 'mejlis' (parliament) was constituted not far from Sochi; it was known as 'The Great and Free Assembly'. The Ubykhs, the Circassian Shapsughs and Abadzekhs/Abzakhs, and the Abkhazian tribes of Ahchypsy...

Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus.

How nations united: Formation of the Confederation of Caucasian Peoples

28 February, 2020

Everyone who is somehow familiar with the history of the Patriotic War of the people of Abkhazia could not help but hear about the Assembly of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus, which was soon renamed the Confederation. This is no...

Abkhazia Resettlement Construction 1941

Resettlement to Abkhazia

14 February, 2020

After most of Abkhazia’s indigenous Abkhazians were expelled to Ottoman lands firstly at the end of the Russian-Caucasian War (1864) and then following the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), their vacated lands immediately started to attract colonisation from such diverse incomers as:...

Abkhazians who took part in the 1866 Lykhny uprising. Photo by D. I. Yermakov (1867)

Thirty years of "guilt" (1877-1907), by Stanislav Lakoba

14 March, 2013

Reflections on Abkhazia: [14 August] 1992-2012 Immediately after the Caucasian War (21 May 1864), in June 1864 the independent princedom of Abkhazia was abolished, and the sovereign prince Mikhail Shervashidze (Chachba) was subjected to political repression; in 1866, he died in...

Editors' Picks

A group of Abkhazians (1903)

Abkhazia and the Abkhazians (1903) | Photos by Joseph de Baye

25 March, 2021

Joseph de Baye (1853-1931), French archaeologist and traveller. Baron Joseph de Baye (French) was initially a keen amateur archaeologist. At the turn of the twentieth century, the Ministry of Public Instruction sent him on a mission to collect pottery in...

Photos by Bernard Bisson | The 'Action Against Hunger' NGO in Abkhazia.

The Blockade of Abkhazia

20 July, 2020

How Easily One Forgets... Contrast the following with the widely held misconception that Abkhazia's problem with Georgia resulted from its being a mere puppet of the Kremlin's 'anti-Georgian' politics? Most of the 1990s, especially when Shevardnadze-protegé Andrei Kozyrev served as Boris...

Musa Shanibov

Obituary | A Hero of His Times: Yuri/Musa Shanibov, 1936-2020, by Georgi Derluguian

28 April, 2020

Yuri Magomedovich Shanibov lived a rich (Soviet) biography that fully reflected the changing historical epochs. Back in 1997 the world-famous French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu felt so intrigued by the photo of the distinguished-looking Shanibov, always in his Caucasian sheepskin papakha hat —...

Ajika | Adjika Abkhazian Chilli hot paste

Pepper and Stone: how to 'produce' Abkhazian ajika

04 February, 2018

The secrets of the ancient method of preparing the Abkhazian national seasoning known as ajika [adjika or adzhika; Abkhaz: аџьыка] and the transformation of hot pepper and spices on stone into a unique, fragrant and piquant ‘masterpiece’ were revealed to a correspondent...

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